Education 4.0 and its Key Role in Sustainable Development

This article first appeared in University World News Education 4.0 and its key role in sustainable development Patrick Blessinger, Ahmad Samarji and Haydeé Ramírez Lozada Since the First Industrial Revolution (circa 1800), humanity has experienced several major waves of political, economic, social, technological, and environmental development. These major waves of development have come to be termed 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, and 4.0 as a way of classifying the major turning points since the First Industrial Revolution. Many people believe that the world is now experiencing a fourth wave (4.0) of development. Thus, in the fourth wave, Education 4.0 coincides with Globalisation 4.0, Industry 4.0, Society 4.0, Web 4.0, and Environment 4.0. This broad system of classification can serve as a useful mental model to bring clarity to the key factors driving global development. Globalisation 4.0 is characterised by hyper-connectivity and the rapid (or instantaneous) movement of goods, capital, energy, people, and information as a result of [...]

Making sense of pedagogy

Making sense of pedagogy Patrick Blessinger Over the past few decades, many new pedagogical (teaching) strategies have been developed in an attempt to improve teaching and learning at all levels. An explosion of books, articles, videos, podcasts, blogs, and other publications have been produced on these different pedagogical philosophies, theories, and strategies. A cottage industry of consultants and companies has arisen to promote, sell, and implement many of these new theories and strategies. Even some well-intentioned educational reformers may latch on to one particular philosophy, theory, or strategy in their zeal for educational transformation. In an age where education at all levels has become extremely important and vital to a healthy democracy and a vibrant economy, it is no surprise that some people may be in search of a "holy grail" or "magic bullet" to cure all of education's challenges and problems. Furthermore, it is no surprise that even [...]

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